Occurrence: poultry, pigs, cattle, sheep, water as well as dogs and cats.

Incubation: 1-10 days, usually 3-5 days.

Symptoms: everything from short-lived diarrhea to intestinal infection with cramps and diarrhea that may last for several weeks. Joint disorders might occur after infection.

Reason for outbreaks: improperly heated raw foods. Cross contamination. Contamination of drinking water by sewage.

Prevention: proper heating, washing tools between different tasks. Washing hands after contact with animals.